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Bosnia - Herzegovina
Facts
Area: 51,129 sq km
Population: 4 million
Languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Religions: Christian, Muslim
GNI per capita: US$3,790
Currency: BAM (convertible marka);1USD = 1.3 BAM
 
Bosnia-Herzegovina is recovering from a devastating three-year war which accompanied the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. The 1992-1995 conflict centered on whether Bosnia should stay in the Yugoslav Federation, or whether it should become independent. It is now an independent state, but under international administration. Its three main ethnic groups are Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), Croats and Serbs. The war left Bosnia's infrastructure and economy in tatters. Around two million people - about half the population - were displaced.
 
In general, the country has hot summers and cold winters. While the areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; winters are mild and rainy along coast. 
 
The 1995 Dayton peace accord, which ended the Bosnian war, set up two separate entities; a Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Bosnian Serb Republic, or Republika Srpska, each with its own president, government, parliament, police and other bodies. Overarching these entities is a central Bosnian government and rotating presidency.

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