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Cambodia
Facts
Area: 181,035 sq km
Population: 15 million
Languages: Cambodian
Religions: Buddhism
GNI per capita: US $650
Currency: Riel, US$1=4000 Riel
 
Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Asia. One-third of the population lives below the poverty line. Accoriding to the United Nations Development Index, Cambodia is rather 137th out of 182 countries. In recent years the gap between the rich and the poor has grown. More than 80% of the population lives in rural areas; Cambodia is the least urbanized country in the world and its economy is driven by agricultural production. Due to lack of irrigation channels and other infrastructure, any future improvement in the country’s impoverishment will be difficult. Cambodia is also in an especially vunerable situation to face the effects of climate change. 
 
After decades of civil war and finally the collapse of the Khmer Rouge regime, society has gradually stabilized; however, the reconstruction of society and individuals’ property will still take many years. Politically, Cambodia is still one of Asia least free countries. As the Cambiodian government has received support and resources from other Asian countries, particularly from China, NGOs advocacy and influence have declined. 93% of the population is Buddhist, 3.5% is Muslim, and 2% are Christian.   
 
Malnutrition is a very serious problem especially for children under five, maternal  women. The mortality rate for children under five is 83 out of 1,000. Although primary education enrollment rates have improved, primary education completion rate is less than 50%. Moreover, the rate decreases for middle school completion, and only 2.2% of adults have completed middle school. 
 
There are a considerable number of orphans, child laborers and street children in Cambodia. Domestic violence and sexual abuse of children remains a very serious problem.
 

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