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Rwanda
Facts
Area: 26,338 sq km
Population: 10 million
Languages: Kinyarwanda, French, English, Swahili
Religions: Christian, Indigenous beliefs
GNI per capita: US$410
Currency: 1 Rwandan franc = 100 centines
 
Rwanda experienced Africa's worst genocide in modern times. Rwanda's population is made up almost entirely of two people groups, the majority Hutus and the minority (but politically dominant) Tutsis. The two groups have a long history of bitter conflict. The most notorious of these beginning in April 1994, nearly 1 million Rwandans, most of them Tutsis, were killed in the largest genocide Africa has seen in modern times. Today, political and ethnic tensions continue to challenge peacebuilding and reconciliation efforts in communities throughout the nation.
 
Rwanda is the second smallest country in Africa and also the most densely populated. The climate is generally warm, though cooler in the mountain regions. 
 
The country is striving to rebuild its economy, with coffee and tea production being among its main sources of foreign exchange. About 90 percent of its people are engaged in agriculture. Unfortunately, the ongoing effects of the conflict have had a crippling effect on Rwanda's economy. Nearly two-thirds of the population lives below the poverty line. Rwanda is highly dependent on aid.
 
Education is essential to Rwanda's recovery and the future of its children. With only about two-thirds of the population able to read and write, the need for improved educational opportunities is great. 

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