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Area: 29,743 sq km
Population: 3 million
Languages: Armenian, Russian
Religions: Christian、Yezidi
GNI per capita: US$2,640
Currency: AMD (dram);1USD = 303.93 drams
A landlocked country with Turkey to the west and Georgia to the north, Armenia boasts striking scenery with high mountains and caves, lakes and hot springs. Situated along the route of the Great Silk Road, it has fallen within the orbit of a number of empires and come into contact with many cultural influences throughout its history.
One of the earliest Christian civilizations, its first churches were founded in the fourth century. It later spent centuries largely under Turkic or Persian control, and its rich cultural and architectural heritage combines elements from different traditions. The Armenian language is part of the Indo-European family but its alphabet is unique.
An independent Republic of Armenia was proclaimed at the end of the World War I but was short-lived, lasting only until the beginning of the 1920s when it was incorporated into the Soviet Union. When Soviet rule collapsed in 1991, Armenia regained independence. 
In the mid-1990s the government embarked on an economic reform program which brought some stability and growth. However, unemployment and poverty remain widespread. Armenia's economic problems are aggravated by a trade blockade, imposed by neighboring Turkey and Azerbaijan.
Armenia has a huge diaspora and has always experienced waves of emigration, but the exodus of recent years has caused real alarm. It is estimated that Armenia has lost up to a quarter of its population since independence, as young families seek what they hope will be a better life abroad.